5) Black Pepper
In India, Pepper originates from the hills of South Western Ghats and perennial shrubs are mostly found in moist, hot regions of Southern India. . Nowadays it is grown in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, China, Mexico, Brazil, and Guatemala. It is obtained from a Fruit with a single seeded drupe that is often referred to as berry which is spherical in shape and green in colour initially that change to red on ripping. Black Pepper is largely used for meat packaging and for other purpose like canning, baking, pickling, mainly considered for its preservative values. It is often used as an ingredient for spice mixes while; White pepper is preferred for the products like mayonnaise.
The probable Varieties includes White pepper, Green pepper, Wild pepper, Orange pepper and red pepper, Pink pepper and other plants used as pepper. Pepper has always been a native to South Asia that has been used very well in Indian cooking, which has been for at least 2000 BCE in history. Pepper loses its flavour and aroma through evaporation, so it requires to store in airtight which helps to preserve its spiciness for long. Ground black pepper contains moderate amounts of vitamin K, iron and manganese, with trace amounts of essential protein, nutrients and dietary fibre.